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Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut) - Shahdad-Kalut-Kalout-Kalot-Kaloot

Helpful information about deserts in Iran like name, introduction, maps, requirements and...

Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut) - Shahdad-Kalut-Kalout-Kalot-Kaloot

Postby Shahram » Mon Aug 05, 2013 6:11 pm

Introduction: Dasht-e Lut (Persian: کویر لوت‎, "Emptiness Desert"), also spelled Dasht-i-Lut and known as the Lut Desert, is a large salt desert in southeastern Kerman Iran and is the world's 25th largest desert. The surface of the sand there has been measured at temperatures as high as 70.7°C (159°F), and it is one of the world's driest places.
Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA's satellite "Aqua" from 2003 to 2005 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located in Dasht-e Lut and land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 °C (159.3 °F), though the air temperature is cooler. Precision of measurements is 0.5 K to 1 K.

Fantasy land structures carved out of sand hills made by blowing winds called Kalout (کلوت) near Shahdad (شهداد) and Nebkas (the flower pots of the desert) are main features of Lut desert. There is a tourist camp in Shahdad for visitors.



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Location: East of Kerman city and north of Shahdad, Kerman province.

Walking path length: Depends on your ability ! there is mile upon miles of desert.

Days of trip: 4 Days from Tehran to Tehran

Best time to visit: November to March

Daily time visit: No limit, but in summer it is very hot.

Difficulty level: Moderately easy, (night camping with no facilities)

Requirements: Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, satellite phone, headlamp

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: There are few number of wild animals like snake, scorpion which are active in hot seasons.

Lost risk: Yes

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115 but rescue teams need a long time to find you.

GSM Mobile Antenna: No


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Hotel: No hotel in the path, just a camp in Shahdad

Village: No village in the path.

Shop: No shop in the path, just at the beginning

Gasoline: No gasoline in the path


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How to get there:
1- Go to South terminal of buses in Tehran
2- Take a bus ticket to Kerman
3- Get off bus in Kerman(10 hours in bus)
4- Take a taxi from Kerman to Shahdad village
5- Start walking
6- Get back by taxi.
7- Get a bus from Kerman to Tehran


Nearest airport: No airport less than 100 km

Nearest train station: No station less than 100 km



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Location on map:





Pictures of Lut desert:

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More information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dasht-e_Lut
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Re: Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut)

Postby Jeorge » Tue Aug 06, 2013 2:17 pm

Shahram wrote:Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA's satellite "Aqua" from 2003 to 2005 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located in Dasht-e Lut and land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 °C (159.3 °F), though the air temperature is cooler. Precision of measurements is 0.5 K to 1 K.


Hi my friend,
Thank you for this post.
Is there any weather record station in that point ? You know, it is very hot , 160 F ! my god ! :o
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Re: Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut)

Postby Shahram » Tue Aug 06, 2013 2:46 pm

Jeorge wrote:
Shahram wrote:Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA's satellite "Aqua" from 2003 to 2005 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located in Dasht-e Lut and land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 °C (159.3 °F), though the air temperature is cooler. Precision of measurements is 0.5 K to 1 K.


Hi my friend,
Thank you for this post.
Is there any weather record station in that point ? You know, it is very hot , 160 F ! my god ! :o


Hi jeorge, unfortunately there is no weather station in this point and measurements have done by NASA satellites. ;)
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Re: Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut)

Postby Miki » Wed Aug 07, 2013 6:55 am

The hottest place on Earth as of 2005 is in the Lut Desert in Iran at 70.7 degrees Celsius. This inviting region is abiotic – meaning without life; not even bacteria have been found. The specific hot zone, covering 480 square kilometers is called Gandom Beriyan (the toasted wheat). The high temperatures are party as a result of the dried, black lava rock which absorbs the heat of the desert sun – kind of like walking across a 480 kilometer bed of coals! Kilometers and kilometers of mountains and sand fill corridors between high ridges of rock and 150 meter tall sand dunes.

Coming in at a distant second for hottest place on Earth is Death Valley in California reaching up to 56.6 degrees Celsius on occasion. El Azizia in Northern Africa reached a blistering 66 degrees Celsius in 1922.

Some of you may be wondering what effect global warming is having on the hottest temperatures on the planet. All the national science institutes of the major industrial countries agree that it is happening. Estimates are that the climate will rise in temperature from between 1.1 to 6.4 degrees Celsius over the 21st century. Expect these records to get broken.
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Re: Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut)

Postby goiran » Mon Aug 19, 2013 11:35 am

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Shahdad Desert: Tourists visit world’s hottest place

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Mar 12, 2014 3:37 pm

Kalouts (the world’s largest natural phenomenon made of clod( and Gandom-e Beryan region in Shahdad Desert, which are considered as the strangest and hottest places on earth respectively, turn into an ideal place for visiting during winter.

It is a vast area named by orientalists as the city of elves and fairies. Marco Polo, the Venetian merchant traveler, was enchanted by Shahdad Desert, Mehr News Agency reported.

Since the beginning of the current Iranian year (March 20), tens of foreign tourists from Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, China, Belgium, Spain, Romania, Hong Kong, Switzerland, Taiwan and the UK have visited the region.

The winter season is a turning point for tourism in Kerman’s desert due to its favorable day temperature.



Four-Season Province

Since Gandom-e Beryan is near kalouts, its temperature rises to 70 degrees Celsius. When its temperature declines to 30 degrees Celsius in winter, visitors flock to the region.

If visitors were to arrive here during summer, they would find its high temperatures intolerable.

The existence of Shahr-e Kotouleha (Dwarf City), the historical region of Khabis, kalouts, Salt River and Gandom-e Beryan has created natural and unforgettable scenes.

Experts put the antiquity of Gandom-e Beryan, which comprises of dark volcanic stones, at 2 million years.

Mohammad Ilami, who is a tourism expert, said Kerman is a four-season province in which all climatic diversities exist at any particular period throughout the year.

It is not correct to call Kerman a desert province, because it has regions with ecosystems similar to Caspian coasts. Also, there are verdant forests across the province, which are home to species such as pistachio tree and screw bean.

Referring to the Mediterranean weather of Delfard Valley, south Kerman, he said Kerman has a unique biodiversity.

Ilami called Jazmourian basin as one of the most unique and intact regions in the country.

Sirach river and valley, ski piste, kalouts, Salt River, Shahdad Desert and other natural phenomena have created a wonderful region in Kerman’s desert areas.

Ilami noted that further studies should be conducted on Shahdad Desert, calling for the creation of tourism infrastructures.



Lut Desert Studies

Fars Green Association has recently conducted many studies on Shahdad Desert, which has drawn public attention to the wonders of central Iranian desert region.

On conducting a research project in Lut Desert and its unique vegetation, the head of the association, Bahman Izadi, said, “We conducted scientific research on Lut Desert in cooperation with other specialists.

“Being the thermal pole of the earth and its lack of living creatures were two issues regarding Lut Desert, which attracted our attention.

“We reached the conclusion that there is an ecological cycle in Lut Desert and we witnessed this among animal species.”

Izadi pointed out that 42 animal species have been identified in Lut Desert, two of which are new.

“Most of Lut Desert’s living species such as insects and carnivores are predators,” he added.

In fact, the introduction of Lut as a geopark will slow the migration of animal species and with the rise in geotourism, the local economy will thrive.

On the potentials of kalouts of Shahdad and Lut deserts, he said the highest kalout in Shahdad has a height of 138 meters.

Currently, Namib Desert in the African nation of Namibia boasts of having the world’s highest kalout with a height of 80 meters.

“We hope that we will register the kalout in Lut Desert as the world’s highest.”

(Source: Iran Daily)

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Re: Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut) - Shahdad

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Apr 14, 2014 6:15 am

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Re: Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut) - Shahdad

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Apr 14, 2014 6:29 am

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Re: Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut) - Shahdad

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Apr 14, 2014 6:30 am

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Re: Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut) - Shahdad

Postby Parvaneh » Mon Apr 14, 2014 6:31 am

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