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Kariz of Kish

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Kariz of Kish

Postby Parvaneh » Wed Dec 18, 2013 2:28 pm

Introduction: Kariz of Kish (Persian: کیش‎ کاریز)
The aqueducts of Kish date back to 2500 years ago and provided the islanders' drinking water. Today, they have been transformed into an amazing underground city, with an area of 10 000 square meters.

The painstaking redecoration helps to keep its historic fabric while providing new uses during its renovation. It is now called Kariz-e Kish. In its first phase, Kariz underground city will be functional with its handicrafts stands from Iran and the world, traditional and modern restaurants, amphitheatre, conference hall, and art galleries. The city is located 14 meters under ground. Its ceilings are eight meters high and mostly covered by fossils, shells, and corals estimated to be 270 to570 million years old. Each one has been identified and they all have official IDs. Its advocates believe two of its characteristics will place it among world registered structures. Firstly, Kariz is situated in the heart of the only coral island in the world. Secondly, it is the only structure with a ceiling of natural shells and corals, for which there were only two ways to be sees– natural museums or scuba diving in free waters. And now, Kariz has opened up a new exceptional chapter for all nature lovers who are able to visit the largest coral collection directly.

Temperature inside the tunnels of the underground city is fixed at 22-25 degrees centigrade and has added to the attraction of the complex for visitors, especially in hot season.
The main center of Kariz, which is intersection of three aqueducts and has an area of 10,000 square meters, is located at Olympics Square of Kish Island and is used to introduce Iranian and foreign visitors to aqueduct as a valuable cultural heritage of Iran.
The old aqueduct of Kish contains 274 wells of which 74 wells are situated at the site of the underground city of Kish.

Mansour Haji-Hosseini, founder of this cultural and tourism complex, who has been living in Germany for 30 years, maintains that location of the city at the heart of the coral island, the possibility of seeing mollusks and corals from the depth of the ocean, the fresh water flowing inside the aqueduct, cool air at a depth of 14 m below the surface, and the coral ceiling which is full of prehistoric fossils, are major attractions which make this part of the island unique in the world.

Launching Persian Gulf museum, most of which has been dedicated to display of documents related to the name of the Persian Gulf during various historical junctures as well as introducing fossils found in Kish after they have been studied by University of Munich in Germany, is another part of the development plan for Kariz cultural and tourism complex in Kish.

The most important part of the development project for the complex is construction of Shahnameh Tunnel which aims to make tourists familiar with the great epic work, Shahnameh, and the story of Seven Labors of Rostam as told by Ferdowsi, the world-famous Iranian poet.

According to current plans, boats will be moored along the canals of the underground city to take tourists inside Shahnameh Tunnel, where water is still flowing.

Tourists and visitors to the underground city of Kish will flock aboard a boat inside Shahnameh Tunnel and listen to the story as told by Ferdowsi.

Other parts of the development plan for the underground city include construction of restaurant, teahouses, stands for presenting handicrafts, and a museum.

Construction of an Iranian garden including an entrance hall along with an exhibition of films and photos, pavilion, two old castles, a nursery, a playhouse for performing plays about various Iranian ethnic groups, an amphitheater, a playground for children as well as residential suites are other parts of the development plan for underground city of Kish which will be built over an area of more than 100,000 square meters.

The ground above Kariz will be transformed into a large park with two high hills. These hills are from the excavated grounds of Kariz and will turn into a unique view of Kish Island.



Source: Tehrantimes


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Location: South of Hormozgan province in Persian golf.

Distance from shore: About 20 km



Days of trip: (Without plane) 4-5 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 20 hr driving from Tehran to Bandar Abbas, then 5-6 hr to Charak or Aftab and 1 hr by boat to Kish island)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.

Best time to visit: October to May

Daily time visit: No limit

Difficulty level: Easy

Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, waterproof shoes, headlamp

Legal permission need: No


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Overall risk: -

Animal risk: No

Lost risk: No

Rescue: Yes, you can call 115

GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes


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Hotel: Yes

Village: Yes

Shop: Yes

Gasoline: Yes


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How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or sout terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use air plane or traine.
2- Take a bus ticket to Bandar Abbas( Distance from Tehran toBandar Abbas is 1518 km)
3- Take a taxi from Bandar Abbas to Aftab or Charak city
4- Take a boat to Kish island
5- Take a taxi to Kariz

or

There is available for you to take a flight from Tehran to Kish.



Nearest airport: Kish airport

Nearest train station: Bandar Abbas station


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Location on map:




GPS elevation profile:



Pictures:

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Parvaneh
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Re: Kariz of Kish

Postby Parvaneh » Thu Jan 30, 2014 11:59 am

Kish ghanat in Kariz, Iran is more than 2,500 years old and currently has been converted into an underground town at a depth of 16 meters below the surface, with an area of more than 10,000 square meters. Its ceilings are eight metres high and mostly covered by fossils, shells, and corals estimated to be 270 to 570 million years old. Its experienced advocates took on the painstaking design work and have tried to keep its historic fabric while providing new uses during its renovation. In its first phase, Kariz underground city will be functional with its handicrafts stands from Iran and the world, traditional and modern restaurants, amphitheatre, conference hall, and art galleries.


The ghanat is an ancient system found in arid regions that brings groundwater from the mountains, following a water-bearing formation (aquifer), and emerge at an oasis, through a series of tunnels. The tunnels perhaps several kilometers long, are roughly horizontal, with a slope. This allows water to drain out to the surface by gravity to lower and flatter agricultural land. Considered to be the oldest feat of human engineering, this system can be found still working in Iran.


People who were living on Kish Island centuries ago, with their inherent Iranian intelligence and talent in building aqueducts, dug the coralline layers of Kish Island in search of potable water, and were rewarded with fresh water. For centuries afterwards, the sweet water of Kish Island not only relieved the thirst of local residents, but was also exported to neighboring states and swapped with sugar or cash.


Kariz is situated in the heart of the only coral island in the world. The earth excavated from Kariz has much medicinal value and will have abundant use in "mud treatment". Kariz was built by the inhabitants of Harireh city. The ancient water management system collected water from 274 wells in an area of 14km² and conducts the water to a central filter shaft. The central shaft is filled with three layers of filter material. The top layer was coral gravel which was used to neutralize the acids in the water and filter bigger solids in the water. Then a layer of coral grit with clay was filtering fine solids, and the lowest lever was made of marn, a special sort of clay.


During the past years, three kilometers of tunnels with a total area of 14,500 square meters have been dug at a depth of 14 m underground beneath a 7-meter layer of coral without using modern tools and solely by using a simple ax and human hand. Temperature inside the tunnels of the underground city is fixed at 22-25 degrees centigrade and has added to the attraction of the complex for visitors, especially in hot season.


The main center of Kariz, which is intersection of three aqueducts and has an area of 10,000 square meters, is located at Olympics Square of Kish Island and is used to introduce Iranian and foreign visitors to aqueduct as a valuable cultural heritage of Iran.

http://historicaliran.blogspot.com/2009 ... kariz.html

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Re: Kariz of Kish

Postby Parvaneh » Sun May 18, 2014 6:10 am

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